We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Swimming, an aerobic activity, is an all-body workout that uses nearly all the major muscle groups including shoulder and chest muscles. Swimmers are known for their V-shaped physique with broad shoulders and slim waistlines. All of the four major swimming strokes, freestyle, breaststroke, backstroke and butterfly rely on support from the latissimus dorsi and pectoralis major - shoulder and chest muscles. Swimming is a great way to tone your shoulders and chest.
According to Ian McLeod in вЂњSwimming Anatomy,вЂќ The freestyle swim relies heavily on the latissimus dorsi, the вЂњlat,вЂќ and pectoralis major, вЂњpecs,вЂќ or chest muscles during the underwater pull, which provides most of the body its power in driving the body forward. The shoulder blade also stabilizes the deltoid and rotator cuff to reposition the arm during the recovery phase of the freestyle. The recovery phase refers to the arm movements between strokes-swimmers practice tracing their thumb up their side as if pulling up a center zip on a wetsuit. The shoulder blade also allows swimmers to reach forward on the side by elongating the body during the вЂњcatch,вЂќ or arm pull.
The breaststroke uses tight shoulder, arm and chest muscles to perform the pull in front of the body. The lattissimus dorsi and pectoralis major provides support to the body for proper positioning in the water and technique. Swimming breaststroke efficiently relies heavily on proper technique to improve speed and stamina.
The butterfly is the most challenging swimming stroke. The butterfly uses the same underwater pattern as freestyle, therefore relying on the deltoid muscles and rotator cuff to keep the arms supported during the arm motion. According to Ian McLeod in вЂњSwimming Anatomy,вЂќ the lattissimus dorsi and pectoralis major, the chest muscles, are used as the primary source to move the body forward.
Backstroke is essentially freestyle on your back and uses the latissimus dorsi and pectoralis major during the underwater pull. Long, lean muscles are required to create maximum reach and speed. Flexibility requires strong shoulder muscles to keep the joints in place and prevent injury. The pinky is the first to enter the water rather than the thumb as in freestyle. Unlike freestyle and butterfly the initial вЂњcatchвЂќ is dominated by the latissimus dorsi, says Ian McLeod in вЂњSwimming Anatomy.вЂќ Backstroke also relies heavily on the upper back muscles for support.